What’s new this season? What regulations do teams and drivers have to watch out for? Here you will find an overview of the FIA WEC’s sporting regulations.

Under the FIA WEC’s sporting regulations, points are awarded after the end of each race. All cars not entered as “full-season entries” for the WEC but competing in individual races are classified in races but are invisible in terms of points-scoring.

If races are cut short because of adverse weather conditions, points are only awarded if the leading car has completed more than 75% of the total race time (minimum time of 4:31:00 in a six-hour race) as racing laps (i.e. not behind the safety car). If the leading car has not completed this minimum race time, half points are awarded. If the leading car does not complete at least two laps not behind the safety car, no points at all are awarded.

For a race of more than 75% of the race time covered, the distribution key is used, which is applied separately according to the race distances of 4-6 hours, 8-10 hours and 24 hours:

Position4 – 6 Hours8 – 10 Hours24 Hours
125 Points38 Points50 Points
218 Points27 Points36 Points
315 Points23 Points30 Points
412 Points18 Points24 Points
510 Points15 Points20 Points
68 Points12 Points16 Points
76 Points9 Points12 Points
84 Points6 Points8 Points
92 Points3 Points4 Points
101 Point2 Points2 Points
From 11th place0,5 Points1 Point1 Point

The following FIA World Championships are awarded as part of the WEC:

  • LMP FIA World Endurance Drivers’ Champion
  • LMP1 FIA World Endurance Champion
  • GT FIA World Endurance Drivers’ Champion
  • GT FIA World Endurance Manufacturers’ Championship

The following team trophies are also awarded as part of the WEC:

  • FIA Endurance Trophy for LMP2 Drivers
  • FIA Endurance Trophy for LMP2 Teams
  • FIA Endurance Trophy for LMGTE Am Drivers
  • FIA Endurance Trophy for LMGTE Am Teams

The qualifying takes place in stages. The regulations provide for a total of two stages of 20 minutes each. The first part is open to all LMGTE vehicles. Afterwards only the LMP vehicles are allowed on the track. There will be a 10-minute break between the two sections.

For each car, the team appoints two drivers to participate in qualifying. These drivers have 10 minutes each to drive at least one timed lap before it is the team mate’s turn. At the end of the 20 minutes, the two fastest laps of each driver are taken, added and divided by two. The result is the official qualifying time of the car. Should two cars have identical times, the team that was able to achieve one of the required partial lap times first gets the better place.
Points are a given for the performance in qualifying. At the end of each qualifying stage one point is awarded to the pole vehicle and its drivers. Every pilot of a pole car will receive this qualifying point, even if he was not in the car himself.

During one of the free practice sessions, each driver must have a time equal to at least 120% of the average of the best 3 times of 3 cars of different brands and 110% of the best time of the fastest car in his category in order to qualify. In the LMGTE-Am only the 110% of the best time of the fastest car in training is needed. The race start in LMP2 and LMGTE-AM cannot be made by the fastest driver of the team (fastest lap time in qualifying).

  • LMP1: At least 2 drivers are required, but not more than 3 pilots per car. None of the pilots may be a bronze driver.
  • LMP2: At least 2 drivers are required, but not more than 3 pilots per car. Each vehicle must contain at least one bronze or one silver driver.
  • LMGTE Pro: At least 2 drivers are required, but not more than 3 pilots, regardless of their classification, are permitted.
  • LMGTE Am: At least 2 drivers are required, but not more than 3 pilots are allowed per car. Each vehicle must contain at least one bronze driver and one additional bronze or silver driver.

Extra requirements for driver selection in qualifying: In the LMP2 class, one of the two partial lap times that are required for the average starting time must be completed by a bronze or silver driver. In the LMGTE-Am at least one required lap time must be achieved by a bronze driver.

Drivers intending to compete in the WEC must be given a classification by the FIA Endurance Committee. Without such classification, they are not able to take part in WEC races.

PLATINUM: Platinum drivers must be under the age of 50 and meet at least one of the following criteria:

  • The driver has held a Super Licence (for Formula One).
  • The driver has won the Le Mans 24 Hours in a professional category (LMP1 / LMGTE Pro).
  • The driver has won the FIA World Endurance Championship in a professional category.
  • The driver has been a Factory Driver, paid by a car manufacturer, with results to match.
  • The driver has finished in the top 5 in the general classification in the FIA International F3000, CART/Champcar, IRL, IndyCar or GP2; all FIA World Championships and FIA World Cups; Grand-Am Rolex series (DP only); and FIA Formula E Championship.
  • The driver has finished in the top 3 in the general classification of an F3 international series (FIA F3, British/EuroF3 until 2011) or major international single-seater championship (such as F2, Nissan World Series, Formula Renault 3.5, etc.).
  • The driver has won the International V8 Supercars Championship, the Porsche Supercup or the American Le Mans Series (P1 or GT only).
  • The driver satisfies 3 or more Gold criteria (including repetition of the same criteria).

A driver may still be rated Platinum by the FIA Endurance Committee due to his or her performances and achievements despite not fulfilling any of the criteria above.

GOLD: Gold drivers must meet one of the following criteria:

  • The driver satisfies one criterion from Platinum.
  • The driver has finished in the top 3 in the general classification of a secondary international single-seater series (A1 GP, GP3, Renault V6, Superleague, Eurocup FR2.0, Firestone Indy Lights).
  • The driver has won the general classification of a regional or national single-seater series (F3, FR2.0, Atlantic Championship up to and including 2009, Euro V8 Series).
  • The driver has finished in the top 3 in the general classification of the Porsche Supercup / DTM / BTCC / Super GT series or won a major national Porsche Carrera Cup.
  • The driver has finished in the top 3 in the general classification of the International V8 Supercars Championship.
  • The driver won a major GT series (FIA GT, Blancpain GT Series (Pro), FIA GT1 World Championship, FIA GT3 European Championship, ADAC GT Masters, British GT Championship, GT Asia) or GT category of a major Sportscar series (ILMC, ELMS, ALMS, Asian Le Mans Series, LMP2 WEC, IMSA Sportscar Championship) with driver(s) of a lower or the same categorisation.

A driver may still be rated Gold by the FIA Endurance Committee due to his or her performances and achievements despite not fulfilling any of the criteria above.

SILVER: Silver drivers must meet one of the following criteria:

  • The driver is aged under 30 and not satisfying the criteria of categories Platinum and Gold.
  • The driver has finished in 1st place in the general classification of regional or major national championships or international series, or has won a major endurance race.
  • The driver has won a non-professional drivers’ series (Ferrari Challenge, Maserati Trophy, Lamborghini Supertrophy, Porsche GT3 Cup Challenge) or a regional, national or international single-make lower category series organised by a Manufacturer (not including Series which are restricted only to Bronze drivers).
  • The driver has competed competitively in high-level international karting competitions.

A driver may still be rated Silver by the FIA Endurance Committee due to his or her performances and achievements despite not fulfilling any of the criteria above.

BRONZE: Amateur drivers.

  • Any driver who was over 30 years old when his/her first licence was issued, and who has little or no single-seater experience.
  • Any driver over 30, previously categorised as Silver, but with no significant results (titles, pole positions or race wins).
  • Any driver under 30 years old with a licence issued for the first time during the year of his first categorisation.

In each WEC category there are requirements which define the minimum and maximum time of a driver in a car. If the time is exceeded or undercut, the driver will be punished and excluded from the points for this race. If the race is interrupted, the driving time of the respective pilot will also be interrupted for this period. For the different race distances different minimum driving times apply. For the 24 Hours of Le Mans there are individual driving times, which will be announced shortly before the official test day.

Race distance: 4 Hours

Minimum driving timeLMP1LMP2LMGTE-ProLMGTE-Am
Maximum driving timeLMP1LMP2LMGTE-ProLMGTE-Am

Race distance: 6 Hours

Minimum driving timeLMP1LMP2LMGTE-ProLMGTE-Am
Maximum driving timeLMP1LMP2LMGTE-ProLMGTE-Am

Race distance: 8-10 Hours

Minimum driving timeLMP1LMP2LMGTE-ProLMGTE-Am
Maximum driving timeLMP1LMP2LMGTE-ProLMGTE-Am

*Limited to a maximum of 4 hours within the first 6 hours of the race

For all tracks with a maximum length of 6.99 km, the regulations allow the use of only one Safey Car. If the course length at least is 7.0 km, a safety car must be placed at the end of each treck sector to collect the cars behind it. The safety cars have the task of maintaining the sector distances between each other when in use. The length of each track can be found in our calendar.

With the announcement of the Safety Car Phase the pit lane will be closed for regular pit stops in the next three laps. Any vehicle that turns into the pit lane to repair damage despite the blocking time has only five seconds to complete all work. If this period is exceeded, the car must remain in the pits until the end of these three laps and is only allowed to line up again afterwards.

During a Safety Car phase, the cars are not allowed to be more than 5 car lengths away from each other. One round before the Safety Car leaves the track, the orange lights on the roof of the vehicle go out. From this point on it is up to the leader of the race to control the speed up to the start-finish line.

If the weather conditions change and a safe race behind the safety car is no longer possible, the race control will interrupt it. This interruption may last a maximum of 4 hours and 30 minutes. If the limit is exceeded, the race is automatically stopped and half of the points are awarded according to the rules.

Each team must purchase its racing tyres from a certified supplier of its choice. The manufacturers Goodyear and Michelin are currently approved for the WEC. If there is dissatisfaction with the choice of tyre partner, they can be changed once per season.

Since the 2016 season, the number of usable dry tyres per race weekend is limited. These are counted per set of tyres, which consists of two front and two rear tyres. Intermediate/wet tyres may only be used in training, qualifying or races after the track has been declared “wet” by the race director. These special tyres are not limited to one race weekend.

A summary of the usable tyre sets, separated by race distance, is given below:

4 Hours6 Hours8 Hours10 Hours24 Hours
LMP1FP: 12
Q+R: 14
FP: 12
Q+R: 18
FP: 12
Q+R: 26
FP: 12
Q+R: 30
FP: 24
Q+R: 48
LMP2FP: 12
Q+R: 14
FP: 12
Q+R: 18
FP: 12
Q+R: 26
FP: 12
Q+R: 30
FP: 24
Q+R: 56
Q+R: 14
FP: 12
Q+R: 18
FP: 12
Q+R: 26
FP: 12
Q+R: 30
FP: 28
Q+R: 60
Q+R: 22
FP: 16
Q+R: 26
FP: 16
Q+Rn: 34
FP: 16
Q+R: 38
FP: 28
Q+R: 60

FP = Number of tyre sets for the free practices
Q+R = Number of tyre sets for qualifying and races

Hybrid cars may only use a limited number of power units per season in an effort to curb spending in the LMP1 category. Power unit in this sense is taken to mean the entire drive train, combining both the electric hybrid component and the combustion engine. Cars are limited to seven power units per season. Official tests, such as the Prologue, Le Mans Test Day and the Rookie Test) are not included in this regard, and additional power units can be used. If cars do use more than seven power units in one season, the race director may impose one of the following penalties:

  • Three-minute stop & go penalty in the case of a six-hour race
  • Five-minute stop & go penalty in races with a distance longer than six hours

As the WEC’s top class is designed for research and development, the regulations prescribe the use of any hybrid system for factory teams. Since such a technology entails higher costs, private teams can skip the hybrid unit. The single combustion engine in the private vehicle alone is not sufficient to provide the power of a hybrid car. Therefore, the Endurance Committee has the right to adjust the performance data of private vehicles by using the Equivalence of Technology Regulation (EoT).

In order to create a balance, the Committee may, according to the regulations, reduce the total amount of energy available for LMP1 factory vehicles by up to 8 MJ or increase the amount of energy available for LMP1 private vehicles by up to 8 MJ. It is also possible to limit fuel consumption per lap. In accordance with the new requirements, the teams must independently find a solution for implementation, which can take the form of changes to the tank volume, the engine or the hybrid system.

At the beginning of the season and after the Le Mans 24 Hours, the Endurance Committee collects technical data on each team’s best vehicle. These are then compared with the race result and a framework for the respective technology mix is created. This serves as a guideline for all teams that want to use this drive concept and must be adhered to until the next data collection. If a configuration shows an unfair advantage or a big disadvantage compared to the rest of the field, the committee has the right to change the performance during the season.

The EoT regulation will be extended from the 2019/2020 season onwards by additional success handicaps. As a further measure, individual cars can be equipped with additional weights to ensure equality of opportunity in the LMP1 field. This means for the first time that individual cars from a single manufacturer will be braked and not the entire team.

The regulation for the success handicaps is applied in all season races with the exception of the 24 Hours of Le Mans. In this case, the difference in points between the pursuers in the championship table is calculated with a correction factor of +0.008s/km in order to determine the sum for the success weight in the respective car. These success penalties are recalculated before each race for all LMP1 cars except the last car in the standings and apply from the second race of a season.

The Balance of Performance allows the Endurance Committee to make changes to the cars in order to maintain equal opportunities in the LMP2 and LMGTE classes despite different concepts.

The exact BoP measures are determined using an automated computer system. Without human intervention, this computer system independently outputs times and measures as suggestions which are to be implemented by the race control. According to the regulations, the following measures can be taken to adjust the balance of power until shortly before the race:

  • Weight increase or decrease of the vehicles of maximum 30 kg
  • Adjustment of the air flow limiter
  • Change in tank volume by a maximum of 10 litres
  • Rear wing adjustment
  • Aerodynamic adaptations to the vehicle